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Late 20th Century Music

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 11 months ago

Late 20th Century Music

 

Timeline; What is happening in the world in this time.

 

1945

Peace treaty signed with Japan offically ending WW2

1952

Polio vacine created

1955

Rosa Parks refuses to switch her seat

1963

Martin Luther King Jr marches on Washington, JFK assassinated

1964

The year the Beatles became popular in the United States

1965

Malcom X assassinated

1968

Martin Luther King Jr and Robert Kennedy assassinated

1969

Historic Woodstock Festival in New York, Apollo 11 moon landing

1977

Elvis dies, first Star Wars comes out

1980

John Lennon assassinated

1990

Hubble Telescope launched into space

1991

Soviet Union dissolves

 

 

Background Information

20th Century music does not fit into the Romantic Era’s requirements and therefore can only put into a category of its own. It could be put in terms of an evolution in the musical world. It was more of a rebellion against the standard and the normal way of composing music. Composers wanted to write music more freely without restrictions and boundaries. “Twentieth century music can be described as being more refined, vague in form, delicate, and having a mysterious atmosphere.” It has an own expression and orchestral technique that makes it not fit into any other category but its own. Jazz and popular musical styles influenced composers from both the United States and Europe. In this era, composers did not go with the flow but created their own forms and structures that were broken down and actually recreated or composed using non-Western ideas. Technology was another factor that influenced this era. With the growing of technology, many new sounds and ideas were put to the test. The use of electronic sounds in combination with traditional music instruments became very popular. Another evolution in music is the use of computer technology. “Some ways in which computers currently alter the face of the music world are by manipulating the performance of instruments in real time”.

 

Musical Context

In this time period many composers decided to distance themselves from the styles and values of the past. Claude Debussy once said, “The century of the airplane ought to have its own music." Music genres such as jazz, country and rock became the main musical focus of composers in the Western World. The gap between art and music has been widened by the fact that Composers whose music has become more and more complex. For the first time in history composers were able to record their music and spread it, so that many people could listen to it. The techniques of recording and audio production have become important musical elements in their own right. Western musicians became more and more interested in the music of other cultures. Non-Western ideas have enriched Western styles and have been accepted enthusiastically. This style freely mixes elements from multiple cultures and is not dependent on the heritage of its creator.

Rhythmic language can be enormously complex. Melodies can be long and abstract or reduced to small gestures.Form can be controlled to an almost infinite degree, or it may be the result of improvisation and chance.

 

Historical Themes

Themes that seemed to appear in this time period had to do with its history. Various different things very happing in this time period. The Russian and Chinese revolutions and the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany ushered in governments the likes of which had never been seen. The totality of their control and their ability to crush not only human life but also the human spirit is one of the most troubling legacies of our day. Many people were hit with the decisions that were made for countries that were involved in difficult situations. At the same time, their decline, along with movements for freedom and democracy in places as different as Poland and South Africa, is proof that human spirit can never be crushed.

 

New Musical Techniques:

New Time Signatures - Refers to odd time signatures, such as 5/8 and 7/8, are found in modern music.

Asymetrical Grouping - This is a grouping of notes within a measure to yield new rhythmic effects.

Non-metric Music - For non-metric flexibility, composers omit the bar line, this is limited to solo media.

Polymetric Music - This is music in which two or more meters are used simultaneously.

Multimetric Music - In this type of music frequent changes of time signature occur almost every measure.

Displaced Bar Line - This is a technique to make the barline seem as if it is misplaced or shifted. To do this, accents are put in recurring patterns to counter the normal accents in the measure.

Scale Bases -New melodic and harmonic styles appear during this era, as a result of the use of unconventional scales. Composers have borrowed scales from old church modes and have used them in a neomodal settings.

The Role of Melody- Up until the twentieth century melody was the most important element in any work of music. Now, the role of melody has greatly changed. It is still important in music with contrapuntal texture, but its importance is greatly diminished in music having great emphasis on harmony and rhythm, and virtually nonexistent in some forms of electronic music with nontonal sound.

Texture- homophonic textures are present, it is to a lesser degree and with less importance. Texture is especially evident in neo-Classicism , where contrapuntal forms from the Baroque, such as the cannon and fugue , are used.

 

The World's Greatest Rock and Roll Band

 

Rolling Stones

 

 

1960's

 

Keith Richards and Mick Jagger formed a friendship that was based around one common interest: music, when they met as early as 1949. Eleven years later their paths crossed again and they noticed that they were influenced by same great American bluesmen and rockers like Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley. Their current members include Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, Ron Wood, and Darryl Jones. They had longer hair than any other group in their time and an attitude that made the Beatles look like choir boys, the Stones took full advantage of their image as "the group parents love to hate." Their albums included: Beggars Banquet (1968), Let it Bleed (1969).Their break though hit was “The Last Time” and in the summer of 1965 they had a worldwide hit with the song “Satisfaction”. In 1971 the Rolling Stones decided to extend their musical horizon by adding jazz music, country-flavored, gospel, blues, and rock.

A number of different genres have influenced the Rolling Stones, but the roots are traced back to Rhythm and Blues artists, such as The Country Blues and the Chicago Blues sound. These were only the earliest influences in their music but as time went on their influences changed, as did the trend in music. The most fascinating aspect of this group is that they tend to adapt to the trends of contemporary music.

These are the trends and influences that developed over time.

1960's: Blues, Rhythm & Blues, Country Music, and Psychedelic

1970's: Funk, Reggae, Punk, and Disco!

1980's: Pop and Soul Music

1990's: Techno and Rap

 

In 1969, Woodstock was attended by 300,000. A three day event for peace, love and rock took place. This event had a very "free spirit" feel to it. Many of the preforms that were there aimed to make each prefromce different and unqiue so that it did not sound like the same things they always did. Performers included Led Zeppelin, The Grateful Dead, and Jefferson Airplane.

Led Zeppelin started in 1986 and included singer Robert Plant, guitarist Jimmy Page, bassist John Paul Jones and drummer John "Bonzo" Bonham. The band got a lot of influence from the blues and is a heavy rock group. Robert Plant’s screaming vocal’s are a famous part of there music along with its unique guitar and mystical lyrics. There first hit was a self title album that when to number one on the music charts the year after the band was formed. There second album called Led Zeppelin II included hits like “Whole Lottal Love” and “Ramble On”. The band is also known for the fourth album that was untitled(came out in 1971) and included the hit “Stairway to Heaven”. For awhile the band dissolved after the death of John Bohnman in 1980. It was not until june of 2003 that the band came back to the top of the charts again with How the West Was Won The band was put in the rock and roll hall of fame in 1994.

The Grateful Dead started in the mid- 60’s in San Francisco. Bassist Phil Lesh , guitarist Jerry Garcia, drummer Mickey Hart, Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, Keith Godchaux, Brent Mydland was incontrol synthesizers made up the band that played for about three decades. They were considered garage-blues rockers like in their album Birth of the Dead alubm but their later albums were more difficult to categorize as they began to pick up there own style.They were said to have fathered the jam-band movement of the '90s like the Dave Matthews Band, Blues Traveler, and more. Theses bands took from the Grateful Dead’s idea’s of music trumping image and making each concert unique by using improve and not being tied down by a schedule or repeating all of the same things, they never wanted two concerts to be alike. The Grateful Dead also had many influence like Miles Davis which is heard in the album live dead. Jerry Garcia brought in his experience with bluegrass music and banjo to bring in new sounds to the band. The Grateful Dead was said to have not gotten as popular because of its albums but its concerts in which they were said to have played better.

Jefferson Airplane started in 1965 with singers Marty Balin and Grace Slick, guitarist Jorma Kaukonen, and bassist Jack Casady. Jefferson Airplane was said by the Rolling Stone magazine to have “produced a vision darker and deeper than any other in acid rock”. Their first album Jefferson Airplane Takes Off was very folk rock , included singer Signe Anderson but the band didn’t really take off until after she left and the release of the album Surrealistic Pillow gave them a big hit. New member Grace Slick's "Somebody to Love" and "White Rabbit" became to of the bands most popular songs. Slick’s singing was compared to San Francisco’s other popular female vocalist Janis Joplin, who also was at Woodstock in 1969. This album brought acid rock into mainstream music. The album After Bathing at Baxte was greatly contrasting to their first one and the music took a new turn that was considered by Rolling stone magazine to have “flipped out into experimentalism of a kind baffling to all but the trippiest of the Airplane's fans.”

 

 Also played at Wood Stock was Jimi Hendrix' rendition of the Star-Spangled Banner on August 17. In this era he was not the only one to play around with the beloved national anthym others include:Jose Feliciano played the national anthem with a twist of the blues at the Tiger Stadium on October 7, 1986. He was a Puerto Rican singer/guitarist, also he was blind and Marvin Gaye added a bit of soul and fun to our countries anthem on February 13 1983 before an NBA All-Star Game. This reflects a common theme of the late 20th century of making peices your own and breaking out of the mold. Though these changes were not looked on favorably by all, in fact many people were insulted by the changes, it can be seen that many artists were looking to shake up the music world and they did just that.

 

 

The Most Popular Pop Group in the 70s

 

 

 

ABBA

 

1970's

 

One of the most popular pop bands in the seventies was ABBA. They were a band from Sweden, who had their big break through with the song Waterloo at the international Eurovision Song Contest. They were famous for their colorful and eccentric costumes, which they wore during their concerts and their music videos. Some of their hits consist of SOS, Mamma Mia, Fernando and Dancing Queen. With these hits they were the reigning champions of pop. Sadly the band split after a couple of years of success. Romantic troubles seem to be the split of the band since it consisted of two married couples that eventually got a divorce.

 

The King of Pop

 

Michael Jackson

 

1980's

 

Michael Jackson, who is known as the King of Pop, has been in the show business as long as he has been alive. In his life, he has received 13 Grammy Awards, 20 American Music Awards, as well as 20 MTV Awards. The Jackson 5 was the first band he was in before he started a solo carrier. It was in 1982 that he was crowned the King of Pop with his album “Thriller”, which sold 60 million copies to this day. After this strange scary new sound, the style changed again in 1987 with the "Bad" album. Michael Jackson has been able to reinvent his style every time and that is why "Bad" is another original and genuine product with a lot of new sounds and pop influences. At Motown 25, he performed the moonwalk for the first time, for which he is famous. Another trademark of his was the white glitter glove that he always wore. His dancing moves have influenced many pop artists such as Britney Spears and Justin Timberlake. His own influences on music were from James Brown to Diana Ross and The Supremes. His style influenced many young adults, who started wearing short pants to show the ankles and white socks where on vogue again, and it has to be taken into account the fact that Michael was the first black singer ever to appear on MTV.

 

The Art of Grunge

 

Nirvana

 

1990's

 

Nirvana was a band that changed the American trend of music completely. With its in the fall of 1991 released album “Nevermind” it had a massive impact on music and popular culture. With this new type of music, it brought the fury of Punk Rock to the mainstream of America after 15 years when it broke down and temporarily changed the course of American popular music in the process. This music combined Punk’s speed and energy with 1970s Metal heaviness, which created what, is known as “Grunge”, making loud guitar rock one of the biggest money making genres of the 1990s. From that point on society changed completely. MTV stopped showing “lightweight dance-pop and "hair" metal acts to showing monopolized by guitar-wielding, long-haired quasi-punk rockers.” Their style of clothing influenced many teens to wear flannel thrift-store shirts and ripped jeans. Their two-and-a-half year successful reign ended with the tragic death of Kurt Cobain who died from a shot in his head a shotgun.

They got directly by underground music played by bands such as the Minutemen, Big Black, Black Flag, the Melvins, and Sonic Youth.

Their most likable song included “Smells Like Teen Spirit” released in 1991. Their album “Nevermind” steadilt climbed the Billboard Charts until it became number one passing stars such as U2, Garth Brooks, Michael Jackson, and MC Hammer.

 

Classical

In terms of Classical music for this period one of the most influential composers is Phillip Glass. His music was drastically different than anything heard or written before. His music is “anorexic” and simple some say due to that fact that he uses a theme that uses few insturments and the fact that he used varations throughout a peice more than anything else. His music is similar in some ways to J.Haydens String Quartet where he opens with one idea and varies it but Glass' music has a more unique sound so it does not compare very well. The beginnings of his pieces start out with a theme that changes very slowly and by the end of his song, which tends to be over ten minutes long, the theme has completely changed. When you are listening to the music it seems as if there is very little change because it happens so slowly. Many were and are intreged by his new styles and music but some think it is boring and slow paced. The first piece that he played live is called Strung and is a piece for an amplified violin. He played this himself in November of 1968.

 

Modern Jazz

In the 1940’s and 50’s bebop came into style as a form of improve in Modern Jazz. Bebop styles are often based on newly created songs instead of more standard songs. Some of the techniques used were previously seen in Classical music such as non-chordal dissonance, chromaticism , and complicated and conflicting rythems. Those techniques are part of what makes this style of music considered not danceable as well as new effects in instruments, modality and atonality. Composers and Preformers include: John Birks Gillespie(1917-1993), Miles Davis(1926-1991) and Ornette Colman(b. 1930).

 

Country Western

When in the cities jazz got big, rural area’s made Country music popular. This type of music got some of its influence from traditional narrative and lyrical Anglo-American ballads and fiddle tunes and also from western cowboys and hillbillies. Country music was, and still is to a degree, mostly dominated by violins and guitars which was a contrast to the jazz and blues which was dominated by trumpets and saxsaphones. Country music did use driving and syncopated rhythms that came from a jazz influence. Country also often had, and has, a conservative religious tendency. Popular artists include Johnny Cash, Hank Williams and Willie Nelson.

 

__Composers in this Time Period include:__

 

George Gershwin, (1898-1937)

George whose actual name is Jacob Gershwin was born on September 26 in East New York, what is today Brooklyn. His parents were Russian- Jew immigrants. He grew up with music and started playing piano when he was 12 years old. During his big Europe tour he met the artist Igor Stravinsky, who became an influence in his music and compositions. “Of Thee I sing” a satire about the political system won him the Pulitzer Prize.

 

Leonard Bernstein, (1918-1990)

Bernstein was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts. He took piano lessons as a boy and attended the Garrison and Boston Latin schools. At Harvard University he studied with Walter Piston, Edward Burlingame-Hill and A.Leonard was a writer, conductor, teacher, and often controversial media personality was one of the most important musical figures in classical music in America in the last half of the 20th Century. He had a dramatic impact on the popular audience's acceptance and appreciation of classical music. His own work as a composer, particularly his scores for such Broadway musicals as West Side Story and On the Town, helped forge a new relationship between classical and popular music.

 

Gustav Holst, (1874-1934)

Gustav was born and died in England. He was one of the most important English composers of his time, even though little of his music continued to be played. Holst's most important piece, and the one that is most often played, is the orchestral suite The Planets (1914-1917). It is a large-scale, brilliantly orchestrated series of tone poems devoted to seven of the planets: Mars, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. He uses polytonality and polyrhythms and treats the orchestra with great skill and freedom. Holst was an honest, if unfashionable, composer, and he did not follow the musical fashions of his day. He was always true to his background and convictions, and his music impresses by its sincerity and highly professional workmanship.

 

Howard (Harold) Hanson, (1896-1981)

Hanson was often referred to as the American Sibelius because of the harmonies and soaring romantic melodies of his compositions, Hanson also cited J.S. Bach and Edvard Grieg as major influences on his music, was an admirer of Ludwig van Beethoven and Antonín Dvorák. Hanson was a vocal critic of dissonant and atonal music, which he called "anti-musica," and of music that was too cerebral, composing instead in a conservative, tonally matter. Most notable is the Festival of American Music, featuring the Eastman-Rochester Symphony Orchestra performing the compositions of young American composers. As a result of these festivals, Hanson became the most influential man in American music. Hanson was also well known as a conductor and made guest appearances with numerous orchestras throughout the United States and abroad, including the New York Philharmonic-Symphony, the Boston Symphony, and the Rome Symphony Orchestra.

 

 

 

The Evolution of Rap Music

This is the overall description found on the wikipedia page dedicated to the genre Rap.

"Hip hop music, also known as rap music, is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. It consists of two main components: rapping (MCing) and DJing (production and scratching)."

 

-There are three eras in the current history of hip-hop music.

 

1. "Old School" (1970-1985)

- Early Hip-Hop beats came from Jamaican origins, they began to appear in the New York music scene in the early 1970's.

- Many DJ's (Disc Jockeys) added breaks to funk and soul songs, these breaks were sampled and looped sections derived from funk songs.

- These beats became prominant in comercial funk music leading up to the realease of the first commercial rap release.

 

"Rapper's Delight"

 

 

- The song Rapper's Delight by The Sugar Hill Gang (pictured above) became the first commercial Rap hit in 1979.

- In the early 1980's, many of the former DJ's and MC's were being replaced by younger artists.

- This crop of artists rapped over far more complex beats and loops than their predecessors but were not close to the complexity of today's Rap/Hip-Hop music.

- The Old-School Rap era came to a close with the invention of messege songs, these were championed by the seminal group Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five.

 

Notable Artists of this period:

DJ Jazzy Jeff and The Fresh Prince

The Sugar Hill Gang

Grandmaster Flash

Whodini

 

2. "Golden Age" (1985-1993)

- The "golden age" of Rap is typcially considered to begin with the release of Run - D.M.C.' s  classic album "Raising Hell"

- The center of the scene remained in New York, but a growing number of Rap artists appeared in California and Georgia.

-The style of the music in this time period became more complicated and the beats became more complex.

 

The West Coast Explosion

 

- West Coast Hip-Hop exploded in 1984 with the founding of the first independent Rap/Hip-Hop label, Def Jam Records.

- While east coast music began to express fiery political messages, the west coast bloomed with new rappeds such as Ice-T and LL Cool J.

- The First female Rap Group, Salt n' Pepa released their first album in 1985 to major success.

 

It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back

 

- This album, released in 1988 brought politics to the forefront of East Coast Rap.

- Public Enemy recieved wide acclaim for the album, which is often considered one of the greatest rap albums of all time.

 

- The Golden Age of Rap ended in 1993 with the birth of G-Funk and the takeover of West Coast Rap.

 

3. The Modern Era

 

- With the birth of G-Funk and Gangsta Rap, the genre broke into the mainstream.

- Throughout this period, and still today, Rap and Hip-Hop became a main driving force in American Culture.

- During the Mid-1990's a min focus of the music and the music scene was the battle between the dominant west coast and the reemerging east coast.

-This culminated in the death's of beloved rappers Tupac Shakur and The Notorious B.I.G. in 1996 and 1997.

 

 

- Despite these tragedies the battle never seemed to end, it is still carried on today by rappers

 

- In the middle of this terrible event, there were a few major victories for the genre of Rap Music.

- In 1996 the Cleaveland, Ohio based rap group Bone Thugs N' Harmony beat the record for fastest selling single with the song "The Crossroads", this record had been held by The Beatles for 32 years.

- The Rap genre faced the turn of the milenium on a good note (with the exception of Will Smith's Willenium).

- In 2000 Rap officially "broke into" the grammys with Detroit rapper Eminem's multi-platinum album The Marshall Mathers LP.

 

Notable Artists of This Period:

Dr. Dre

Eminem

Ice Cube

Jay-Z

Snoop Dogg

Tupac Shakur

 

World Hip-Hop Music

 

-Throughout the 1980's and 90's Rap and Hip-Hop grew in popularity around the world.

- Many International Rappers are not well known in the U.S. by the majority of the population, however, in recent years, some artists such as the U.K.'s Lady Sovreign have begun to appear on the hip-hop charts.

- Much more common is the appearence of DJ's appearing in the smaller genres like electro or trip-hop.

- This trend is very common among Asian and European DJ's.

 

 

 

Listening Logs:

Listening log- 02/06/07

Artist: Circa Survive

Album: Juturna

 

Context

• English

• Very similar to the band Saosin considering Anthony Green was their ex-vocalist

• Lyrics used to describe movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

• Post-modern era

• Post-hardcore genre

 

Musical

• Extremely talented vocalist (Anthony Green) whom has a very wide range (Bass-Alto)

• Contains vocals, drums, two guitars, one bass guitar

• Many layered guitar chord progressions (1-5-3 used prominently)

• The tempo of songs differentiate, from legato to allegro (more moderato and allegro,

less legato)

• Synthesizer is used for a few songs

• Overall the songs of the album are musically similar, the songs use imagery from vocals

to portray scenes from Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

 

Structure

• Coordinated band with the exception of high vocal notes

• Voice leads in all songs, drums and bass are used to decorate

• Intro with decorative instruments (bass and drums) -> breakout of voices and guitars ->

main instruments slow down -> climax with all instruments -> end with decorative

instruments

• Mostly polyphonic, usually 4/4 (Western to an extent)

 

Listening Log- 02/08/06

Artist: Boys Like Girls

Album: Boys Like Girls (Listened to all album)

Track: Heels over head

 

Musical:

Timbre: Vocals, rhythm and lead guitar, bass, drums

Many tempo variations

Sounds very “poppy”

 

Structure:

0:00-0:29- (A) Intro begins with vocals and layered electric guitar, vocals lead song. Tempo is moderato. Same thing is repeated, except with ornamentation provided by drums and bass. Plus the tempo increases a little for all instruments and vocals are different (they pursue a story). Towards the end it slows down to mellow out the song.

0:30-0:41-(B) Melody is presented, and vocalist sings stronger to present more emotion.

0:42-1:10- A is repeated, with more strength and different vocals. No expansion on this musical idea occurs.

1:11-1:36- Idea B occurs again (same vocals included) except with 10 more seconds of expansion. In this expansion the guitar chords separate, different lyrics are presented, and one playing melody and the other decoration. Ornamentation stays the same with drums and bass.

1:37-1:55- (C) Vocals lead this section, essentially all instruments provide ornamentation. Lyrics are overly repeated, and create the climax of the song.

1:56-2:08- A is presented again, with a more calm presence to relax the song after the climax.

2:09-3:08- The melody (or idea B) is heavily repeated, increasing in tempo and volume until the end of the song. At the end notes are held until they die out.

 

Contextual:

Extremely coordinated band

Indie/Pop rock

Post-Modernism

All together the song describes a boy thinking of a girl that ditched him

 

Lyrics:

I got your runaway smile in my piggybank baby

Gonna cash it right in for a new Mercedes

You were worth the hundred thousand miles

But you couldn't stay awhile

I got your little brown shirt in my bottom drawer baby

And your little white socks in the top drawer

You were always leaving your shit around

And gone without a sound

 

Yeah I'm the first to fall and the last to know

Where'd you go?

 

Now I'm heels over head

I'm hangin' upside down

Thinking how you left me for dead

California bound

 

I got a first class ticket to a night all alone

And a front row seat up right by the phone

Cause you're always on my mind

And I'm running out of time

I've got your hair on my pillow and your smell in my sheets

And it makes me think about you with the sand in your feet

Is it all you thought it'd be?

You mean everything to me

 

But I'm the first to fall and the last to know

And where'd you go?

 

Now I'm heels over head,

I'm hangin' upside down

Thinking how you left me for dead

California bound

And when you hit the coast

I hope you think of me

And how I'm stuck here with the ghost of what we used to be

 

You're burnin' bridges baby

Burnin' bridges, making wishes

Yeah you're burnin' bridges baby

Burnin' bridges, making wishes

You're burnin' bridges baby

Burnin' bridges, making wishes

Yeah you're burnin' bridges baby

Burnin' bridges, making wishes

 

You're a chance taker, heartbreaker

Got me wrapped around your finger

Chance taker, heartbreaker

Got me wrapped around your finger

 

I got your runaway smile in my piggybank baby

Gonna cash it right in for a new Mercedes

If I drive a hundred thousand miles

Would you let me stay a while?

 

Now I'm heels over head,

I'm hangin' upside-down

Thinking how you left me for dead

California bound

And when you hit the coast

I hope you think of me

And how I'm stuck here with the ghost of what we used to be

 

Now I'm heels over head,

I'm hangin' upside-down

Thinking how you left me for dead

California bound

And when you hit the coast

Maybe you'll finally see

And then you'll turn it all around and you'll come back to me

 

 

02/13/07

Artist: Metric

Track: Combat Baby

 

Musical:

Timbre- Vocals, synthesizer, guitar, bass, drums

Tempo is hard to distinguish between allegro and moderato

Very repetitive song (strophic)

Synthesizer is heavily used

 

 

0:00-0:35- (A) Synthesized percussion beats begin the song, with a clashing of the cymbal introducing the vocals/bass. The chord progressions are simple and probably 1-3-5 making this song a very catchy pop tune. Drums come in about half way, and throughout this section it is 4/4 with a moderato tempo.

0:36-1:02- (B) Melody of the song is presented along with guitar. Instruments are essentially played all the same with vocals leading (switching from polyphonic to homophonic) and some discordant guitar chords.

1:03-1:31- Idea A is played almost exactly the same; except there is more synthesized sounds, and different and less lyrics.

1:32-1:57- Idea B is extended with more vocals, yet it still persists with the same melodic chord progressions.

1:58-2:53- Melody switches to minor, speeds in tempo (becoming allegro), and the vocalist exerts more emotion because this is the breakdown of the song. Towards the end of this section tempo slows down once more and the vocalist repeats a simple note many times.

2:54-3:32- Melody switches back to major, this time towards the end the vocalist repeats “bye” many times ending with “baby”. Ornamentation of other instruments stays the same. At the very end the melody begins but is quickly ended after the vocalist finishes what she needs to say.

 

Contextual:

This song is describing a girl (or guy in ones perspective) who lost their relationship and wants their loved one back. This is provided with lyrics such as “come back baby, how I miss you ranting, do you miss my all time lows?”

They could be described as Pop Indie/Indie Rock/New Wave

 

Lyrics:

we used to leave the blue lights on and there was a beat

ever since you have been gone it’s all caffeine-free

and faux punk fatigues

said it all before

they try to kick it, their feet fall asleep

yet no harm done no

none of them want to fight me

 

combat baby come back baby

fight off the lethargy

don’t go quietly

combat baby

said you would never give up easy

combat baby come back

 

get back in town I wanna paint it black

I wanna get around

easy living crowd so flat

said it all before

they try to kick it, their feet fall asleep

I want to be wrong but

No one here wants to fight me like you do

 

combat baby come back baby

fight off the lethargy

don’t go quietly

combat baby

said you were never gonna give up easy

combat baby come back

 

I try to be so nice

Compromise

Who gets it good?

Every mighty mild seventies child

Every mighty mild seventies child

Beats me

 

Do do doo do do doo do do doo doo do doo(x2)

 

Combat baby come back baby

Combat baby come back

Bye bye bye bye bye bye bye bye bye bye baby

Combat baby come back

 

how I miss your ranting

do you miss my all time lows

 

 

You'll be in My Heart ♥ - Phil Collins- From the Disney Movie Tarzan

 

M

Guitar

Bass

Drums

Vocal

Supporting Vocals

Strings

Piano

Minor

 

S

0:00-0:10- Intro

~All instruments except vocals

0:10-0:49- Verse 1

~Solo Vacal comes in

0:10-0:29 Solo Vocal and cello only

0:29-0:49 Solo vocal added with cello, guitar, bass, and drums

0:49-1:30- chorus

~tutti

1:30-1:51- Verse 2

~Strophic as the 0:29-0:49 interval added with supporting vocals

1:51-2:08- chorus

~strophic

2:08-2:52- bridge

~tutti

2:52-3:29- chorus

~Key change up

~The melody is varied slightly

3:29-4:18- end theme

~Tutti

~Varies the chorus melody

 

C

Pop song

Disney song

 

 

********Our Song by Taylor Swift*******

 

Musial

~Female voice

~Fast tempo~Allegro

~Guitar

~Drums~Make a steady beat

~Banjo in the introduction

~Upbeat

~Little change in dynamics

~Homophonic

~ABA phasing

~4/4 time

 

 

Structural

~A Introduction with the banjo and the female voice coming in.First stanza with the voice, drums

~B Chorus. More sound in the drums and guitar.

~A Second stanza is just like the first stanza. The instruments become a little quieter. Drums and banjo in the background.

~B Chorus.

~A variation of the chorus. The drums and guitar change their regular style. Banjo comes out more.

 

 

Contextual

~Country

~Western

~2006

~English

 

 

Post reply

 

 

 

Works Cited

 

Damico, Ryan. “Meet the Treble Rebels”. 8 Feb. 2007.

<http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/us/us.htm>

 

Encyclopedia of World Biography, “Gustav Holst”., 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998.

Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2007.

<http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC>

 

Encyclopedia of World Biography. "The Rolling Stones." 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Reproduced

in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale.2007. 8

Feb 2007. <http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC>

 

McLeod, Kembrew. "Nirvana." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Eds. Sara

Pendergast and Tom Pendergast. Vol. 3. Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. 538-

539. 5 vols. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Thomson Gale. 8 Feb. 2007

<http://find.galegroup.com/ips/infomark.do?&contentSet=EBKS&type=retrieve&

tabID=T001&prodId=IPS&docId=CX3409001824&source=gale&srcprod=EB00

&userGroupName=lom_inac&version=1.0>.

 

M., Chris. Revelations On The Rolling Stones. 8 Feb. 2007

<http://www.rollingstonesnet.com/influenc.htm>

 

Porsche, Susanne. “Who’s Who”. Rasscass Medien und Content Verlag. 2007. 8 Feb

2007. <http://www.whoswho.de/templ/te_bio.php?PID=625&RID=1>

 

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